Types of Dances
Salsa on 2
Also called New York style Salsa, Salsa on 2 is danced based on a change of direction on the beats 2 and 6 of the music compare to on 1 where the change of direction is on 1 and 5. New York Style Salsa is remaining in the “slot” with a lot of spins, turns and styling. It also incorporate “shines” in which dancers separate themselves and dance solo with intricate footwork and styling for a time—suspected origins from Swing and New York Tap. New York style salsa emphasizes harmony with the percussive instruments in salsa music, such as the congas, timbales, and clave.
Merengue is a style of Caribbean music and dance. Partners hold each other in a closed position Partners may walk and dance on each beat sideways or circle each other, in small steps.
Merengue is essentially a “fun” dance that is easy to learn and is ideally suited to the small, crowded dance floor.
Bachata is a style of dance that originated in the Dominican Republic, in open or closed position, with an emphasis with the hips on the counts 4 and 8. It is danced widely all over the world. Unlike Salsa It does not usually include complex turn patterns but they are used more and more as the dance evolves.
Cha Cha has the distinction of being one of the most dominant “pop” rhythms of the last 40 to 50 years and is characterized as having an upbeat, infectious rhythm, which creates a sense of playfulness and flirtation. The Cha Cha is said to be a combination of the Mambo and the American Swing.
West Coast Swing (WCS)
WCS is a partner dance with roots in lindy hop. It is characterized by a distinctive elastic look that results from its basic extension-compression technique of partner connection, and is danced primarily in a slotted area on the dancefloor. It allows for both partners to improvise steps while dancing together, putting west coast swing in a short list of dances that put a premium on improvisation.